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Photoperiod is considered to be one of the most effective environmental factor in controlling the reproductive cycle and gonadal maturation in some mammalian species, but very limited information are available on its effects on  reproductive biology of the guinea fowl.  Therein, we  investigated the effects of varying photoperiodic treatments on morpho-biometry of the excurrent duct system of helmeted guinea fowl (Numida meleagris).  A total of twenty-one (21) apparently healthy sexually-matured helmeted guinea fowls were randomly assigned into three (3) photoperiodic regimes; mainly [Group I: Short daylight (SD; 8 HL (Hour of light, Group II: Moderate daylight (MD; 12 HL) and Group III: Long daylight (LD; 16 HL)] of seven birds per group (n=7). After 8 weeks of experimentation, the excurrent ducts were excised and freed of all adhering connective tissues for gross-morphological and morphometric evaluations. The bio-morphometric data (weight and diameter) were significantly increased (p< 0.05) in the epididymis and ductus deferens of guinea fowl exposed to 16 HL, as compared to other treatments. However, no significant (p> 0.05) effect was observed in body weight and length of the excurrent ducts regardless of photoperiod.    The observed changes in weight and diameter of the epididymis and ductus deferens of helmeted guinea fowl are thus a consequence of the stimulatory effects of long photoperiod exposure to reproductive activity. Thus, these findings would therefore be useful to guinea fowl breeders in designing appropriate intervention programs necessary to improve their  reproduction efficacy and to preserve this species.



Photoperiod, excurrent ducts, guinea fowl, morphology, biometry

Article Details

Author Biographies

A. Baso, Laboratoty of Cell Biology and Histology, Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Bayero University, Kano.

I. J. Gosomji, Laboratoty of Cell Biology and Histology, Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria

Department of Veterinary Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Jos, Nigeria

How to Cite
Baso, A., Umar, M. B., Sulaiman, M. H., Gosomji, I. J., Omirinde, J. O., Muazu, T. A., Zubairu, M., & Atabo, S. M. (2022). Photoperiodic-dependent morpho-biometric changes in the excurrent duct system of sexually-matured helmeted guinea fowl (Numida meleagris). Sahel Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 19(3), 28-36.


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