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This study was carried out to determine the prevalence of haemoparasites in chickens (Gallus gallusdomesticus) slaughtered at the Samaru Live Bird market of Sabon Gari Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. A total of 100 blood samples were collected from male and female chickensat the point of slaughter. The samples were collected in heparinized sample bottles and transported to the Veterinary Protozoology Laboratory of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria Nigeria for analysis. Out of the 100 chickens sampled, 51% were males while the remaining 49% were females. Microscopic examination of the Giemsa-stained thin blood smear revealed an overall prevalence of haemoparasites to be 81%. Forty-nine (49%) percent of these were plasmodium species, while 27%, 21% and 3% of the haemoparasites detected were Aegyptianella, Haemoproteus and Leucocytozoonspecies respectively. With respect to sex, the prevalence was higher in cocks (55%) than in hens (45%).More studies are needed to evaluate the prevalence of haemoparasites of chickens in different seasons of the year with the view of providing information that will enhance productivity in the poultry industry.
Microscopic examination of the Giemsa-stained thin blood smear revealed an overall prevalence of haemoparasites to be 81%. Forty nine (49%) percent of this was plasmodium, while 27%, 21% and 3% of the haemoparasites detected were Aegyptianella, Haemoproteus and Leucocytozoon species respectively. With respect to sex, prevalence was higher in cocks (55%) than in hens (45%).
More studies are needed to evaluate the prevalence of haemoparasites of chickens in different seasons of the year with a view to providing information that will enhance a better productivity in the poultry industry.
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