Main Article Content

Abstract

Uterine torsion is considered an obstetrical emergency and should be corrected as soon as it is diagnosed. It occurs frequently in buffaloes as compared to other species of animals, mainly due to their peculiar anatomy and physiology. This case report describes the occurrence of uterine torsion in a pregnant pluriparous buffalo. The buffalo was presented with history of persistent straining for over 6 hours. The cervix was fully dilated and obstetrical examination revealed dystocia due to a left sided uterine torsion. Haematological results revealed a normal PCV but with an accompanying macrocytosis. There was also neutrophilia, eosinophilia as well as lymphopenia as well as hypocalcium and hypomagnesemia. The dystocia was corrected using the Schafer’s technique. This involved the placing of the free end of a wooden plank on the left flank while the other free end, having an assistant standing on it rested on the ground. Rolling the buffalo twice with this arrangement corrected the anomaly.

Keywords

Buffalo; Dystocia; Obstetrical Emergency; Reproduction; Schafer’s Technique; Uterine Torsion

Article Details

Author Biographies

A. R. Mustapha, Department of Theriogenology Faculty of Veterinary Medicine University of Maiduguri

Senior Lecturer 

Department of Theriogenology 
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine 
University of Maiduguri

S. K. Ghosh, Indian Veterinary Researched Institute, Deemed University, IVRI, UP, India

Researcher

Indian Veterinary Researched Institute, Deemed University, IVRI, UP, India

J. K. Prasad, Indian Veterinary Researched Institute, Deemed University, IVRI, UP, India

Researcher

Indian Veterinary Researched Institute, Deemed University, IVRI, UP, India

I. D. Peter, Department of Theriogenology Faculty of Veterinary Medicine University of Maiduguri

Lecturer 

Department of Theriogenology
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Maiduguri

D. Iliyasu, Department of Theriogenology Faculty of Veterinary Medicine University of Maiduguri

Lecturer 

Department of Theriogenology 
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine 
University of Maiduguri

I. M. Alkali, Department of Theriogenology Faculty of Veterinary Medicine University of Maiduguri

Associate Lecturer 

Department of Theriogenology 
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine 
University of Maiduguri

S. O. Asuku, Department of Theriogenology Faculty of Veterinary Medicine University of Maiduguri

Associate Lecturer 

Department of Theriogenology 
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine 
University of Maiduguri

A. Abba, University of Maiduguri Veterinary Teaching Hospital

Resident Clinician

University of Maiduguri Veterinary Teaching Hospital 

M. U. Bamanga

Resident clinician

University of Maiduguri Veterinary Teaching Hospital 

How to Cite
Mustapha, A. R., Ghosh, S. K., Prasad, J. K., Peter, I. D., Iliyasu, D., Alkali, I. M., Asuku, S. O., Abba, A., & Bamanga, M. U. (2020). Management of Dystocia Due to Uterine Torsion in a Murah Buffalo Using ‎Schafer’s Technique. Sahel Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 17(2), 45-48. Retrieved from http://saheljvs.org/index.php/saheljvs/article/view/83

References

  1. Ahmed, N., Baishya, M.P., Das, J.M., Das, A., Boro, P.K., ‎Yadav, S.N. and Sarma B.K. (2019). Surgical ‎Managememnt of Dystocia in an Assam Hill Goat: ‎A Case report. Haryana Vet. 58(S.I)114-115. ‎
  2. Alfaris, A.A., Fahad, T.A. and Hassan, B.J. (2014). ‎Comparison between roling and surgical treatment ‎of uterine torsion in buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) in ‎Basrah province. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health. 6(2):67-‎‎68.‎
  3. Ali, A.M.H. (2011). Causes and management of dystocia in ‎small ruminants in Saudi Arabia. J. Agric. Vet. Sci. ‎‎42(2):95-108.‎
  4. Ali, A.A., Derara, R., Husseina, H.A., AbdEllahb, M.R. and ‎Abdel-Razeka, A. (2011). Clinical, haematological ‎and biochemical findings of uterine torsion in ‎buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). Anim. Reprod. Sci. ‎‎126(3)168-172.‎
  5. Amer, H.A., Hashem, M.A. and Bader, A. (2008). Uterine ‎twisting during pregnancy in bufalloes: relationship ‎between clinical findings and Biochemical indices. J. ‎Appl Biol Sci. 2(2): 31-39.‎
  6. Amin, S.M., Amer, H.A., Hussein, A.E. and Hazzaa, A.M. ‎‎(2011). Creatinine phosphokinase and aspartate ‎aminotransferase profiles and its relation to the ‎severity of Uterine torsion in Egyptian Buffalo. ‎Anim. Reprod. Sci. 123: 163-168.‎
  7. Arthur, G.H., Noakes, D.E. and Pearson, H. (1989). ‎Maternal dystocia: Treatment. Foetal dystocia: ‎aetiology and incidence. The caesarean operation. ‎In: Arthur GH, Noakes DE, Pearson H (ed). ‎Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics ‎‎(Theriogenology). London: BailliereTindall. 195-310. ‎
  8. Aslinia, F., Maza, J.J. and Yale, S.H. (2006). Megaloblastic ‎anaemia and other causes of Macrocytosis. Clin. ‎Med. Res.. 4(3): 236-41‎
  9. Bhattacharyya, H.K., Fazili, M.U., Bhat, F.A. and Buchoo, ‎B.A. (2015) Prevalence of dystocia of sheep and ‎goats: A study of 70 cases (2004-2011). J. Adv. Vet. ‎Res. 5(1): 14-20.‎
  10. Frazer, G.S., Perkins, N.R. and Constable, P.D. (1996). ‎Bovine Uterine torsion: 164 hospital referral cases. ‎Theriogenol, 46, 739-758. ‎
  11. Jeenger, K., Choudhary, V., Maharia, S., Vivekanand and ‎Purohit, G.N. (2015). A retrospective study on type ‎and extent of uterine torsion in buffaloes. Res. J. Vet. ‎Pract. 3(1):25-28.‎
  12. Kolla, K.M., Prasad, V. and Radha, P. (1999). Clinical ‎observation on uterine torsion in buffaloes. Indian ‎Vet. J. 76: 643-645.‎
  13. Kumar, B., Kumar, A., Kharayat, N.S., Bisla, A., Rashid, ‎M., Sheikh, PA., Ramamoorthy, M., Ngou, A.A., ‎Kurhe, R., Kumar, H. (2018). Uterine Torsion ‎associated with incomplete cervical dilatation and ‎subsequent fetalmaldisposition: A Case Report. Res. ‎J. Chem. Environ. Sci. 6(5): 72-74.‎
  14. Noakes,D.E., Parkinson, T.J. and England,G.C.W. (2009). ‎Veterinary Reproduction and Obstetrics. 9th Ed. WB ‎Saunders Company.‎
  15. Rakuljic-Zelov, S. (2002). Haematological abd biochemical ‎profile of cows affected with Uterine torsion. Slo. ‎Vet. Res. 39(1):1580-4003.‎
  16. Schondfelder, A. and Sobiraj, A. (2005). Etiology of torsio ‎uteri in cattle: a review. Schweiz. Arch. Tieheilkd. ‎‎147, 397-402.‎
  17. Singh, P. (1991). Studies on broad ligament in relation to ‎uterine torsion in buffaloes. Thesis, Punjab ‎Agriculture University, Ludhiana, India.‎